Changes on the skin that warn of penile cancer

Risk factors for the disease include a history of stenosis, bursitis; chronic inflammation; penis injuries; infant uncircumcised, smoking, poor hygiene, and a history of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), especially HIV and infection human papilloma virus (HPV).

In particular, HPV is a common causative factor.

Experts added that cancer in stage I or II is still limited to the penis, which has a 5-year survival rate of about 85% after surgery.

Stage III and IV cancers have a 5-year survival rate of about 59%.