How insulin injections for diabetics prevent complications
90% of pregnant women control pregnancy diabetes effectively by following the proper nutrition the doctor has advised.
The diet of pregnant women needs enough nutrients with the ratio of 40-50% carbohydrates, 20-30% protid, 30% lipids and some minerals, vitamins …
Pregnant women need to break down the amount of food into 3 main meals and 2-4 side meals and drink about 2-2.5 liters of water to limit the sudden increase in blood sugar while ensuring nutrition.
Depending on the BMI (based on height, weight) of the mother before pregnancy, the amount of carbohydrates for the main meal can range from 30-60 grams, the side meal from 15-30 grams.
One meal is equivalent to 15 grams of carbohydrate equivalent: 1/3 cup of white rice; a slice of bread; 1/2 hamburger; 1/2 slice of pho cake; 1/2 noodles; 1/2 cup corn or chickpeas, black beans; 1/2 sweet potato.
Experts recommends that every day, pregnant women should spend at least 30 minutes walking, performing gentle exercises to ensure the body is always healthy.
Good control of diet, proper movement, proper insulin injections will help pregnant women limit the risks for mother and baby.
Women with type one or two diabetes mellitus during pregnancy must inject insulin, control blood glucose so as not to adversely affect the fetus, avoid complications.
Pregnant women with diabetes before or during pregnancy if not well controlled blood sugar will be dangerous for both mother and baby.
The mother may have pathologies of hypertension, retina, coronary heart disease and urinary infections, increasing the risk of preeclampsia, eclampsia and type two diabetes after birth.
The baby may have birth defects, which do not develop in the first trimester of pregnancy, stillbirth, jaundice after birth.