How to reduce the risk of stroke recurrence
Stroke can be prevented by strictly controlling the risk factors and causes of the condition.
No one can guarantee a recurrent stroke will not occur, but this possibility can be significantly reduced by proper treatment.
Patients should adhere to lifestyle adjustments in combination with drug interventions including:
High blood pressure control (hypertension): Hypertension is the highest risk factor for stroke.
Stroke survivors need to be monitored by their doctors and return their blood pressure to normal levels.
You may need to change your diet and/or take the medications prescribed to adjust your blood pressure to your target level.
Quitting smoking: Smoking significantly increases the risk of stroke and is associated with a build-up of atherosclerosis plaques in the arteries.
Cigarettes also raise blood pressure and make blood thicker and easier to coagulate.
Regular exercise and weight maintenance: Obesity and sedentary are associated with hypertension, diabetes and heart disease.
Being overweight increases the likelihood of ischemic stroke.
Lower blood fat levels (cholesterol): High cholesterol can lead to the accumulation of fats (atherosclerosis) in blood vessels, reducing the amount of blood and oxygen to the brain.
Heart disease screening: Heart disorders this can often lead to blood clots that block the blood vessels of the brain.
In this case, the person may need to take medication to prevent the formation of blood clots.
Diabetes management: Diabetes can cause destructive changes in blood vessels throughout the body, including the brain.
Brain damage is usually more severe and widespread when blood glucose levels are high.
Diabetes treatment can delay the onset of complications that increase the likelihood of a stroke.