What you need to know when screening for cervical cancer
The process by which a woman is infected with high-risk HPV progresses to invasive cancer takes about 10-15 years. In rare cases, this period is shortened to 1-2 years.
Therefore, screening detects the disease early when there are no important manifestations.
This can be handled and treated in a timely manner, helping to reduce the incidence and death from malignancy.
Precancerous lesions if caught early can be cured at a very high rate. Therefore, experts recommends that women aged 21 and over if they have had sex need to be screened for the disease, Alles Europa News reports.
Women do not have sex, use tampons, vaginal medications for 2-3 days before the cervical cancer screening test.
Experts noted that in order to achieve the effectiveness of accurate cervical cancer screening, early detection and timely treatment of the disease, women do not have sex for 2-3 days before the test; do not use tampons, vaginal medications, do not douche for 2-3 days before the test.
The best time to take a Pap’s test at least 5 days after clearing your period.
You should urinate before the test because a full bladder can be uncomfortable.
Currently the method of screening for cervical cancer for women from the age of 21 who have had sex includes: cervical smear (classic or dipping fluid), HPV test, cervical observation with acetic acid solution (applied at medical facilities not available Pap’s and HPV).
Cytopological tests and HPV are performed on cervical cells. The process is fast, simple.
The cells will be taken with a small brush, which does not cause pain, discomfort, then put into a special solution, sent to the laboratory.
Experts added that when the patient has abnormal screening results, the specialist will prescribe a cervical scan when necessary.